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- V -

vacancy : (f.) suññatā; assāmikatā; anadhivutthatā.

vacant : (adj.) ritta; suñña; assāmika; anadhivuttha.

vacate : (v.t.) cajati; jahati; vissajjeti. (pp.) catta; jahita; vissaṭṭha.

vacation : (nt.) cajana; vissajjana. (m.) vissāmakāla.

vaccinate : (v.t.) gopūyaṃ paveseti. (pp.) pavesitagopūya.

vaccination : (m.) masūrikānivāraka-patikāra.

vacillate : (v.i.) dolāyati. (pp.) dolāyita.

vacillation : (nt.) dolāyana; dveḷhakatta; atthiratta.

vacuity : (nt.) (vāta-) suññatta; rittatta; tucchatta.

vacuous : (adj.) tuccha; ritta.

vacuum : (m.) rittaṭṭhāna; ākāsa.

vacuum pump : (nt.) vātasuñña-udakākaḍḍhaka.

vagabond : (adj.; m.) niketanarahita; vaṇibbaka.

vagabondage : (nt.) vaṇibbakatta.

vagary : (m.) sacchandacāra. (f.) vipallattha-cintā.

vagina : (nt.) kosākāravatthu; itthinimitta.

vagrancy : (f.) abaddhavāsatā; akammasīlitā.

vagrant : (adj.; m.) aniyatavāsa; pariyāhiṇḍaka; akiccapasuta.

vagrantly : (adv.) pariyāhiṇḍakatāya.

vague : (adj.) avyatta; avisada; avinicchita.

vaguely : (adv.) avisadākārena; anicchayena.

vagueness : (nt.) avisadatta; apākaṭatta.

Vail : (v.t.) gāravena sīsāvaraṇādiṃ apaneti; garukaroti. (pp.) garukata.

vain : (adj.) 1. niratthaka; aphala; mogha; 2. uddhata; dappita.

vain glorious : (adj.) 1. gabbita; 2. vikatthanasīla.

vain gloriously : (adv.) gabbitākārena.

vainly : (adv.) niratthakaṃ; mudhā.

vale : (f.) upaccakā.

valediction : (f.) gamanāsiṃsanā. (m.) sotthivāda.

valedictory : (adj.) subhāsiṃsanāyatta.

valet : (m.) pādamūlika; cullatevāsika; paricāraka.

valetudinary : (adj.) akallaka; gilāna.

valiant : (adj.) sūra; vīra; nibbhaya.

valiantly : (adv.) savikkamaṃ.

valid : (adj.) 1. sakāraṇa; sasādhana; 2. pabala; balappavattaka.

validate : (v.t.) pabalattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) pabalattaṃ pāpita.

validity : (nt.) 1. pabalatta; thiratta; 2. nītyanugatabala.

validly : (adv.) pabalākārena; akhaṇḍiyatāya.

valise : (m.) hatthapasibbaka.

valley : (f.) ninnabhūmi; upaccakā.

valorous : (adj.) dhitimantu; savikkama.

valorously : (adv.) savikkamaṃ; vīrākārena.

valour : (m.) parakkama; vikkama. (nt.) sūratta.

valuate : (v.t.) agghaṃ nirūpeti.

valuation : (nt.) agghanirūpana.

valuator : (m.) agghanirūpaka; agghāpaka.

value : (m.) aggha. (nt.) payojana; mahatta. (v.t.) 1. agghaṃ ṭhapeti or nirūpeti; 2. bahumaññati. (pp.) ṭhapitaggha; bahumata.

valuable : (adj.) mahāraha; mahaggha; anagghavatthūni.

valueless : (adj.) aggharahita; appaggha.

valve : (nt.) sayaṃvaṭṭaka-kavāṭa.

valvular : (adj.) pidhānākāra.

vamose : (v.i.) antaradhāyati; apakkamati. (pp.) antarahita; apakkanta.

vamp : (f.) mohinī; mohetvā vilumpinī. (v.t.) palobheti; sammoheti. (pp.) palobhita; sammohita.

vampire : (m.) 1. rudhirapāyīpisāca; 2. pasayhāvaharī.

vampire-bat : (f.) rudhirapāyinī jatukā.

van : (nt.) bhaṇḍavāhīyāna. (f.) abhimukhasenā. (v.t.) yānena bhaṇḍāni harati. (pp.) yānena haṭabhaṇḍa.

vandal : (m.) vijjākalāviddhaṃsī.

vandalism : (nt.) sippīkammanāsana.

vane : (nt.) ciṅgulaka.

vanish : (v.i.) antaradhāyati; nirujjhati; atthaṅgacchati. (pp.) antarahita; niruddha; atthaṅgata.

vanishing : (adj.) antaradhāyamāna.

vanity : (m.) ahaṅkāra; tucchābhimāna. (nt.) tucchatta.

vanquish : (v.t.) parājeti; abhibhavati. (pp.) parājita; abhibhūta.

vanquisher : (m.) jetu; abhibhū.

vantage : (m.) lābha. (nt.) payojana.

vapid : (adj.) virasa; nirasa.

vapidity : (f.) virasatā.

vaporise : (v.t.) bappam uṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) uṭṭhāpitabappa.

vaporous : (adj.) 1. sabappa; bappayutta; 2. asāra.

vapour : (m.) bappa. (nt.) matimatta. (v.i.) 1. bappam uggacchati; 2. vikatthati. (pp.) uggatabappa; vikatthita.

vapourer : (m.) attasilāghī; vikatthī.

vapulation : (nt.) sākhāya tāḷana.

variability : (nt.) vipariṇamana; atthiratta.

variable : (adj.) viparivattanasabhāva; vipallāsāraha.

variance : (nt.) 1. nānatta; visadisatta; 2. bhinnamatikatta.

variant : (adj.) bhinna; nānāvidha. (m.) pāṭhabheda.

variantation : (m.) nānābhāva. (nt.) vividhatta; visadisagamana.

varicoloured : (adj.) nānāvaṇṇa.

variegate : (v.t.) vicitteti; nānāvaṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) vicittita; nānāvaṇṇīkata.

variegated : (adj.) kabara; kammāsa; sabala.

variegation : (nt.) sabalīkaraṇa.

variety : (m.) pabheda. (nt.) vividhatta; nanatta. (f.) visesajāti.

variform : (adj.) nānārūpa; vividhākāra.

variola : (f.) masūrikā.

various : (adj.) anekavidha; vividha.

variously : (adv.) vividhākārena; anekadhā.

varnish : (m.) majjanālepa. (v.t.) vaṇṇamaṭṭhaṃ karoti. (pp.) vaṇṇamaṭṭhakata.

vary : (v.i.) pabhijjati; nānābhavati. (v.t.) pabhedeti; rūpantaraṃ pāpeti. (pp.) pabhinna; nānābhūta; pabhedita; rūpantaraṃ pāpita.

vase : (nt.) pupphādhana. (m.) bhaddakumbha.

vassal : (m.) bhūmidāsa; parāyattabhūmivāsī.

vassalage : (nt.) bhūmidāsatta.

vast : (adj.) atimahanta; ativitthiṇṇa.

vastly : (adv.) ativisālavasena; yebhuyyena.

vastness : (nt.) ativitthiṇṇatta; atimahatta.

vaticinate : (v.t.) anāgataṃ pakāseti. (pp.) pakāsitānāgata.

vaticination : (nt.) anāgatāvīkaraṇa.

vault : (m.) addhacandākārachadana-gabbha. (nt.) bhūmighara.

vault of heaven : (nt.) nabhomaṇḍala.

vaunt : (f.) attasilāghā. (v.i.) attānaṃ silāghati; vikatthati. (pp.) silāghitatta; vikatthita.

vaunter : (m.) attasilāghī.

veal : (nt.) vacchamaṃsa.

veer : (v.t.) maggaṃ parivatteti. (v.i.) matantaraṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) parivattiamagga; gahitamatantara.

vegetable : (nt.) haritaka. (m.) sākasamūha; bhūtagāma.

vegetarian : (m.) sākabhakkhī; nimmaṃsabhojī.

vegetarianism : (f.) ubbhidabhojitā.

vegetate : (v.i.) ubbhijjati; virūhati. (pp.) ubbhinna; virūḷha.

vegetation : (nt.) ubbhidajāta. (m.) bhūtagāma.

vehemence : (nt.) caṇḍatta; savegatta.

vehement : (adj.) aticaṇḍa; savega.

vehemently : (adv.) caṇḍākārena.

vehicle : (nt.) vāhana; yāna; yogga. (m.) ratha; viññāpanupāya; pavattanādhāra.

veil : (nt.) āvaraṇa; vyājopāya; mukhajala. (f.) tirokaraṇī. (m.) vyājopāya. (v.t.) paṭicchādeti; oguṇṭheti. (pp.) paṭicchādita; oguṇṭhita.

vein : (f.) dhamanī; sirā.

veiny : (adj.) sirābahula; rekhāsahita.

vellicate : (v.t.) sahasā ākaddhati. (pp.) sahasā ākaḍḍhita.

vellum : (nt.) parimaddita-camma-paṭṭa.

velocipede : (nt.) pādapājitayāna.

velocity : (m.) vega; java.

velvet : (m.) siniddhaṃsuka-vattha-visesa.

venal : (adj.) lañcakhādaka.

venality : (f.) lañcavasikatā.

vend : (v.t.) vikkiṇāti; paṇeti. (pp.) vikkīta; paṇita.

vendee : (m.) ketu; kayika.

vender : (m.) vikketu.

vendible : (adj.) vikeyya.

venerable : (adj.) mahanīya; garukātabba; sambhāvanīya; gāravāraha.

venerable person : (m.) āyasmantu; bhavanta.

venerate : (v.t.) abhivādeti; garukaroti; māneti; vandati; pūjeti; namassati. (pp.) abhivādita; garukata; mānita; vandita; pūjita; namassita.

veneration : (m.) garukāra; namakkāra. (f.) vandanā; pūjanā; abhivādanā. (nt.) mānana.

venerator : (m.) vandaka; pūjaka.

venereal : (adj.) methuna-nissita.

venery : (nt.) methuna. (m.) migava.

vengeance : (nt.) verasādhana; veranīyatana.

vengeful : (adj.) veranīyātanasīla.

vengeness : (nt.) verasādhakatta.

venial : (adj.) satekiccha.

veniality : (nt.) satekicchatta.

venison : (nt.) migamaṃsa.

venom : (nt.) visa; garaḷa. (f.) usūyā; anatthakāmatā.

venomed : (adj.) visadiddha.

venomous : (adj.) 1. savisa; 2. issāyutta.

venomousness : (nt.) savisatta.

venous : (adj.) dhamanīvisayaka.

vent : (nt.) vātacchidda; niggamadvāra. (v.t.) 1. nikkhameti; 2. ajjhāsayaṃ pakāseti. (pp.) nikkhamita; pakāsitajjhāsaya.

ventage : (m.) vātaniggama. (nt.) ajjhāsayappakāsana.

venthole : (nt.) vātacchidda. (m.) vāyumāḷa.

ventiduct : (m.) antobhummavātamagga.

ventilate : (v.t.) 1. vātaṃ paveseti; 2. ajjhāsayaṃ pakāseti.

ventilation : (nt.) 1. vātappavesana; 2. ajjhāsayappakāsana.

ventilator : (m.) vātamagga. (nt.) kavāṭa.

ventless : (adj.) niggamadvāra-rahita.

ventral : (adj.) udaranissita.

ventricle : (nt.) dehagatakuhara.

ventricle cose : (adj.) lambodara.

venture : (f.) vīrakriyā. (v.i.) visahati.

venture some : (adj.) vīrakriyāsatta; nibbhaya.

venturous : (adj.) vīrakriyāsatta; nibbhaya.

venturously : (adv.) vīrākārena.

venue : (nt.) 1. vinicchayaṭṭhāna; 2. samāgamaṭṭhāna.

Venus : (m.) sukka; asuraguru.

veracious : (adj.) saccavādī; saddheyyavacana.

veraciously : (adv.) saccavāditāya.

veracity : (nt.) avithatatta.

veranda : (m.) ālinda.

verandah : (m.) ālinda || back verandah: (m.) piṭṭhivaṃsa.

verb : (nt.) ākahyāta; kriyāpada.

verbal : (adj.) 1. vācasika; 2. kriyāyatta.

verbal action : (nt.) vacīkamma.

verbalism : (f.) saddamattavicāraṇā.

verbalist : (m.) saddamattavicāraka.

verbally : (adv.) yathāsaddaṃ; vacanavasena.

verbatim : (adv.) padānupadaṃ; padaso.

verbiage : (nt.) vacanabahulatta.

verbose : (adj.) nirattahakasaddappayogī; atimattabhāṇī.

verbosity : (f.) saddabahulatā; atibhāṇitā.

verdant : (adj.) 1. harita; saddala; 2. apariṇatabuddhī.

verdict : (m.) adhikaraṇaniṇṇaya. (nt.) adhikaraṇikatīraṇa.

verdure : (nt.) haritatta. (m.) rukkhalatāsamūla.

verdurous : (adj.) 1. palāsavaṇṇa; 2. rukkhalatāsañchanna.

verge : (m.) pariyanta. (m.; f.) adhikārayaṭṭhi. (v.i.) 1. passena onamati; 2. upatiṭṭhati; samīpaṃ yāti. (pp.) passena onata; upatiṭṭhita; samīpaṃ yāta.

verger : (m.) 1. adhikāradaṇḍadhārī; 2. devāyatane āsananiyāmaka.

veridical : (adj.) saccavādī; saddheyyavacana.

verification : (nt.) samatthana; tahttasādhana.

verify : (v.t.) samattheti; pamāṇeti; tathataṃ sādheti. (pp.) samatthita; pamāṇita; sādhitatathatta.

verily : (adv.) nūnaṃ; khalu; ekaṃsena.

verisimilar : (adj.) saccābhāsayutta.

verisimilitude : (m.) saccābhāsa.

veritable : (adj.) anvaṭṭha; yathābhūta.

veritably : (adv.) yathābhūtaṃ.

verity : (f.) yāthāvatā; saccatā.

verjuice : (nt.) ambilayūsa.

vermicidal : (adj.) kimināsaka.

vermicide : (nt.) kīṭanāsakosadha.

vermicular : (adj.) kimisadisa.

vermiculate : (adj.) kimisaṅkiṇṇa.

vermiculation : (nt.) kimisaṇṭhāna.

vermilion : (nt.) hiṅgulaka.

vermin : (m.) kimi; kīṭa.

verminate : (v.i.) kimisaṅkiṇṇo hoti.

verminous : (adj.) kīṭākiṇṇa.

vermiparous : (adj.) kimijanaka.

vermivorous : (adj.) kimibhakkha.

vernacular : (adj.) sadesaja; nijadesika. (f.) sadesabhāsā; nijabhāsā.

vernacularism : (m.) desabhāsāpayoga.

vernal : (adj.) vasantakālika.

versatile : (adj.) capala; lola.

versatility : (nt.) cāpalla.

verse : (f.) gāthā. (nt.) pajja. (m.) siloka.

versed : (adj.) nipuṇa; vicakkhaṇa; vyatta; pavīṇa.

versicoloured : (adj.) nānāvaṇṇa.

versification : (f.) pajjaracanā.

versifier : (m.) pajjakāra.

versify : (v.t.i.) pajjaṃ bandhati or racayati; pajjattaṃ parivatteti. (pp.) baddhapajja; pajjattaṃ parivattita.

version : (m.) anuvāda. (nt.) bhāsantaraparivattana.

versus : (prep.) paṭi; virodhena.

vertebra : (nt.) piṭṭhikaṇṭaka.

vertebrate : (adj.) piṭṭhikaṇṭakayutta.

vertex : (nt.) sikhara; agga. (m.) matthaka.

vertical : (adj.) uddhaṃṭhita.

vertically : (adv.) uddhādhobhāvena; ujukamuddhaṃ.

vertigo : (nt.) sīsabhamaṇa.

verve : (nt.) viriya. (f.) dhiti. (m.) ussāha.

very : (adj.) 1. yathābhūta; yathātatha; 2. tadatthabhūta; 3. accanta; atimatta. (adv.) ati; accantaṃ; atimattaṃ.

very clear : (adj.) suvisada.

very difficult : (adj.) atidukkara.

very early : (adv.) atippage'va.

very many : (adj.) subahu; atimatta.

very much : (adv.) ativiya; atirekataraṃ.

very small : (adj.) ittara; atikhuddaka.

vesica : (m.) muttāsaya.

vesicate : (v.t.) phoṭake uppādeti.

vesication : (nt.) phoṭakuppādana.

vesicatory : (adj.) phoṭakuppādaka.

vesper : (f.) sañjhopāsanā. (m.) sukkagaha. (f.) osadhītārakā.

vespertine : (adj.) sāyaṇhika.

vespiary : (nt.) bhamarapaṭala.

vessel : (nt.) bhājana. (m.) pota. (f.) nāvā; dhamanī.

vest : (nt.) 1. antarakañcuka; 2. nivāsana. (v.t.) adhikāraṃ deti; adhikāradassakaṃ nivāseti. (v.i.) adhikāraṃ or upādhiṃ labhati. (pp.) dinnādhikāra; nivāsitādhikāradassaka; laddhādhikāra; laddhopādhika.

vesta : (f.) 1. aggisalākā; 2. aggidevatā.

vestal : (adj.) aggidevatāyatta. (f.) brahmacārinī.

vested : (adj.) patiṭṭhāpita; āyattīkata.

vestibule : (f.) pavesasālā. (m.) abhimukhagabbha; pavesamagga.

vestige : (nt.) lañchana; naṭṭhāvasiṭṭha.

vestment : (m.) adhikārāyatta-dīgha-kañcuka.

vetch : (f.) māsajāti.

veteran : (adj.; n.) 1. kataparicaya; 2. ñāṇavuddha; 3. topovuddha.

veterinarian : (m.) pasutikcchaka.

veterinary : (f.) pasutikicchā.

veto : (nt.) nisedhabala. (m.) paṭisedhādhikāra. (v.t.) nisedheti; paṭisedheti. (pp.) nisedhita; paṭisedhita.

vex : (v.t.) 1. kopeti; roseti; 2. bādheti; viheṭheti. (pp.) kopita; rosita; bādhita; viheṭhita.

vexation : (nt.) kopana; rosana; viheṭhana. (m.) upatāpa; vighāta.

vexatious : (adj.) 1. kopajanaka; ubbejaka; 2. viheṭhanaka.

vexatiousedly : (adv.) saubbegaṃ; sakopaṃ.

via : (m.) magga. (f.) vīthi; ākāsagaṅgā. (prep.) maggena; antarena; disāya.

viability : (f.) jīvanasamatthattā.

viable : (adj.) jīvanakkhama.

viaduct : (m.) setusadisamagga.

vial : (nt.) kācatumba.

viand : (nt.) āhāravatthu; bhojjavatthu.

viaticum : (nt.) pātheyya; maggopakaraṇa.

vibrate : (v.i.) 1. vipphurati; 2. vipphandati; pakampati. (v.t.) vipphandeti; pakampeti. (pp.) vipphurita; vipphandita; pakampita.

vibration : (nt.) kampana; calana; phandana.

vibrative : (adj.) phandamāna; kampamāna.

vicar : (m.) padesika-devapūjaka.

vicarage : (m.) devapūjakanivāsa.

vicarious : (adj.) aññatthāya niyojita; parakiccapasuta.

vice : (pref.) upa. (prep.) atthāya. (nt.) duccarita. (m.) aparādha; adhamma; kaṭṭhapīḷaka.

vice versa : (adv.) tappaṭipakkhena; paṭilomaṃ.

vice-chancellor : (m.) nikhilavijjālaye upappadhāna.

vice-principal : (m.) upapadhānācariya.

vicennial : (adj.) vīsativassika.

viceroy : (m.) rājapaṭinidhip uparāja.

viceroyalty : (nt.) oparajja.

vicinage : (f.) āsannabhūmi. (m.) patiṭṭhita-padesa.

vicinity : (nt.) samīpaṭṭhāna. (m.) ñātisambandha.

vicious : (adj.) durācāra; kibbisakārī.

viciously : (adv.) duṭṭhākārena; papacetasā.

vicissitude : (m.) vipariṇāma. (nt.) avatthantara.

vicissitudinary : (adj.) viapariṇāmadhamma.

vicissitudinous : (adj.) viapariṇāmadhamma.

victim : (m.) 1. bhakkha; 2. gāhagata; antarāyappatta; 3. vañcanappatta.

victimise : (v.t.) 1. upahārabaliṃ karoti; 2. antarāyaṃ pāpeti; vañceti. (pp.) upahārabaliṃ kata; pāpita; vañcita.

victor : (m.) jetu; vejetu; vijayī; jayalābhī.

victorious : (adj.) vijitāvī; jayaggāhī.

victoriously : (adv.) jayaggāhīlīlāya.

victory : (m.) jaya; vijaya; kaṭaggāha. (nt.) jinana.

victress : (f.) vijitāvinī.

victual : (v.t.) āhāropakaraṇāni sampādeti.

victuals : (m.) āhāra. (nt.) bhojana.

vide : (v.t.) passeyyāsi.

vidimus : (nt.) saṅkhyāparikkhaṇa. (f.) saṅkhittalipi.

vie : (v.i.) vijigiṃsati; jetum icchati. (pp.) vijigiṃsita; jetum icchita.

view : (nt.) mata; dassana; nirikkhaṇa; parikkhaṇa. (f.) mati; diṭṭhi. (m.) vāda; cakkhupatha; dassanūpacāra. (v.t.) ikkhati; passati; oloketu; upaparikkhati. (pp.) ikkhita; diṭṭha; olokita; upaparikkhita || field of view: (m.) dassanapatha; with a view to: ajjhāsayena; apekkhāya.

view holder : (m.) matapakāsaka; vādī.

view point : (m.) matabheda.

viewless : (adj.) adissamāna.

vigil : (nt.) jāgaraṇa. (m.) appamāda.

vigilance : (nt.) saṃrakkhaṇa; jāgaraṇa. (m.) appamāda.

vigilant : (adj.) jāgara; appamatta.

vigilantly : (adv.) appamādena; sāvadhānaṃ; jāgariyena.

vigorous : (adj.) 1. balavantu; thāmavantu; 2. daḷhatama.

vigorously : (adv.) atidaḷhaṃ; mahussāhena.

vigour : (nt.) bala; viriya. (m.) thāma. (f.) satti.

vile : (adj.) nīca; hīna; nihīna; nikṭṭha; kucchita.

vilely : (adv.) nīcākārena; adhamatāya.

vileness : (nt.) nīcatta; adhamatta.

vilification : (m.) upavāda; apavāda. (nt.) nindana; garahana.

vilifier : (m.) upavādī; garahī; nindaka.

vilify : (v.t.) apavadati; upavadati; nindati. (pp.) apavutta; upavutta; nindita;

vilipend : (v.t.) avamaññati; aguṇaṃ katheti. (pp.) avamata; kathitāguṇa.

village : (m.) gāma; saṃvasatha || entrance to a village: (nt.) gāmadvāra; inner village: (m.) antogāma; neighbouring village: (m.) dhuragāma.

village folk : (m.) gāmajana.

village headman : (m.) gāmabhojaka.

villager : (m.) gāmika.

villain : (m.) khala; dujjana; dhutta; pāpī; narādhana.

villainous : (adj.) dujjanapakatika; āgucārī; dutṭhasabhāva.

villainousness : (nt.) dujjanatta; āgucāritta; kahalatta.

villainy : (m.) dhuttabhāva; durācāra.

vim : (m.) thāma. (f.) satti.

vincible : (adj.) jetabba; jeyya.

vindicate : (v.t.) niravajjaṃ karoti; dosaṃ sodheti. (pp.) niravajjaṃ kata; sodhitadosa.

vindication : (nt.) dosamocana; niravajjakaraṇa.

vindicative : (adj.) vajjasamatthanaka.

vindicator : (m.) dosasodhāka.

vindictive : (adj.) verasādhanapara; akkhamanasīla.

vindictively : (adv.) verasādhanavasena.

vindictiveness : (nt.) vereapaṭikaraṇa; verasādhana.

vine : (f.) latā; muddikā.

vine clad : (adj.) muddikālatākiṇṇa.

vinegar : (m.) bilaṅga. (nt.) sovīra.

vinery : (f.) muddikāropaṇasālā.

vineyard : (nt.) muddikāyatana.

vintage : (m.) muddikāphalasamaya.

vintager : (m.) muddikāocinaka.

vintner : (m.) muddikāpānavikkayī.

viol : (f.) cha-tantikavīṇā.

violate : (v.t.) 1. ullaṅgheti; atikkamati; aticarati; 2. padhaṃseti. (pp.) ullaṅghita; atikkanta; aticarita; padhaṃsita.

violation : (nt.) 1. ullaṅghana; 2. padhaṃsana.

violator : (m.) haṭhena dūsaka.

violence : (nt.) sāhasa. (m.) balakkāra.

violent : (adj.) sāhasika; aticaṇḍa.

violently : (adv.) pasayha; balakkārena.

violet : (adj.) pāṭala; nīlalohita. (m.) puppavisesa.

violin : (f.) sāraṅgī.

violinist : (m.) sāraṅgika.

viper : (m.) gonasa (-sappa).

viperish : (adj.) gonasopama.

viperous : (adj.) pesuññavādī.

virago : (f.) kalahappiyā; purisagatikā.

virescence : (nt.) haritatta.

virgate : (adj.) kisa-ujubhūta.

virgin : (f.) kaññā; kumārī; avivāhitā.

virginal : (adj.) kaññānucchavika.

virginity : (m.) kaññābhāva.

Virgo : (m.) kaññārāsi.

viridescence : (nt.) īsaṃharitatta.

viridescent : (adj.) īsaṃharita.

virile : (adj.) purisāyatta; thāmayutta.

virility : (nt.) porisa.

virose : (adj.) visayutta.

virtu : (f.) lalitakalāpiyatā.

virtual : (adj.) vatthuto upalabbhamāna; yathātatha.

virtually : (adv.) tattato; vatthuto; yathātthato.

virtue : (m.) sadācāra; guṇadhamma. (nt.) sīla.

virtueless : (adj.) dussīla; adhammika.

virtuous : (adj.) susīla; sagguṇa; dhammika.

virtuously : (adv.) dhammikatāya.

virtuousness : (nt.) dhammikatta; sosīlya.

virulence : (nt.) uggatta; atipahrusatta.

virulent : (adj.) visayutta; ugga; tibba; atipharusa.

virulently : (adv.) tibbākārena.

virus : (nt.) sannihitavisa.

vis-a-vis : (adv.) mukhāmukhaṃ; sammukhaṃ.

visage : (nt.) mukhasaṇṭhāna. (m.) mukhavaṇṇa.

viscera : (plu; m.) antādi-dehabbha-natarika-koṭṭhāsā.

viscerate : (v.t.) antādīni apaharati. (pp.) apahataṇtādi.

viscid : (adj.) lagganapakatika.

viscidity : (nt.) saṃlaggakatta.

viscin : (m.) niyyāsa-visesa.

viscous : see glutinous.

visibility : (nt.) dissamānatta.

visible : (adj.) diṭṭhigocara; sandissamāna; sandiṭṭhika.

visible thing : (nt.) rūpārammaṇa.

visibly : (adv.) paccakkhato.

vision : (f.) diṭṭhi; māyā. (nt.) dassana; manonimmāṇa; ābhāsadassana.

visionary : (adj.) manokappanāyatta; ābhāsamattāyatta.

visit : (nt.) abbhāgamana; upasaṅkamana. (v.t.) upasaṅkamati; upagacchati. (pp.) upasaṅkanta; upagata.

visitant : (m.) abbhāgāmī; āgantuka.

visitation : (nt.) abbhāgamana; upaparikkhāya caraṇa; vipākadāna.

visiting : (adj.) kālena kālaṃ upagacchamāna.

visiting card : (nt.) nāmādyaṅkitapaṇṇa.

visitor : (m.) abbhāgāmī; atithi; āgantuka.

visor : see mask.

vista : (nt.) antarena dassana. (f.) tarupanti.

visual : (adj.) dassanāyatta; diṭṭhigocara.

visual cognition : (nt.) cakkhuviññāṇa.

visual organ : (nt.) cakkhāyatana.

visualise : (v.t.) diṭṭhigocaraṃ karoti; sacchikaroti. (pp.) diṭthigocaraṃ kata; sacchikata.

vital : (adj.) 1. accāvassaka; 2. jīvāyatta; jīvadhāraka.

vital spot : (nt.) mammaṭṭhāna.

vitality : (nt.) jīvadhārakatta; jīvitindriya.

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